Talking Trash

Talking Trash

The trash people throw out reveals a lot about human behavior. Prehistoric garbage dumps, called middens, are gold mines of information for archaeologists. Trash can reveal when people from a culture lived, what technology the people used, what the environment was like, and how the people obtained their food. In this activity you will examine a bag of garbage to see what your trash has to say about your community.
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A Different Kind of BattleField

A Different Kind of BattleField

From World War I

In the early years of WWI, army recruiters mined soccer games and rugby matches for recruits. According to historian Adam Hochschild, soccer games “proved the single best venue for recruiters.” Arriving spectators would see recruiters wearing sandwich boards bearing the message, “Your Country Needs You.” The game would start with a patriotic speech. Players often stepped forward to enlist, and fans quickly followed their lead.

My World

My World

From Global Citizenship

Through the “My World” Survey, people can identify which of the 17 SDGs matter most to them. At, you can take the survey and select six SDG priority areas. You can also view results by country to see what people care about across the globe.

Make Your Own Gordian Knot

Make Your Own Gordian Knot

From The Silk Road

One legend says Alexander conquered Asia by solving the puzzle of the Gordian Knot. According to a prophecy, whoever untied this endless knot would rule the continent. Alexander took the direct approach—he cut the knot open with his sword. Today, a “Gordian knot” means an unsolvable problem. No one knows exactly what the Gordian Knot looked like. But you can make a knot called a Turk’s Head appear “endless” by joining the ends after it’s...

Make a Culture Collage

Make a Culture Collage

From The Renaissance Thinkers

We use the term Renaissance to define the years in Europe from the 1300s through the 1600s. Is there one word or phrase that defines the era we live in right now? Let’s make a Culture Collage and see if we can find one.



Children’s Literature Review Database
“In this volume of the "Inquire and Investigate" series, readers can learn about human migration through text, cartoons (including African American students), illustrations, and activities. Cummings makes clear that all members of species Homo sapiens have the same DNA and originated in Africa about 200,000 years ago. Many scientists believe they migrated out of Africa through Egypt and its River Nile to the Middle East and India. Humans have been moving ever since. Paleoanthropologists, archaeologists, and geneticists trace migration through stones, bones (yielding DNA information), and artifacts. People might have been able to walk most of the way to Australia from a drier Asia and could have made boats or rafts for the rest of the way. Cummings explores the elusive story of the Neanderthals, our closest relatives (we retain a bit of their DNA), then turns to the mystery of how humans got to North and South America. Geneticists believe they paddled boats along west-coast islands much earlier than previously thought (about 16,500 years ago) and moved inland from there. Especially fascinating are studies of the extensive Bantu migrations in Africa and of the Vikings, whose explorations and migrations in their sleek ships (793-1150) eventually connected Europe from Iceland to Russia and Constantinople. (See Rosemary Sutcliff's Blood Feud as vibrant historical fiction set in this period.) The Jewish diaspora and the horrendous Atlantic slave trade are examined as examples of forced migration; Cummings predicts a great tide of world migration in our future, caused by climate change and alarming overpopulation in cities. Included are informative "Travel Tips," an extensive glossary, a timeline, and a selection of appropriate classroom projects. A special feature offers QR codes and prompt words for finding primary sources on the Internet.”

Publishers Weekly
"The story of human migration is an old tale, far older than the written world," explains Cummings in this exploration of the global movements of people throughout history, part of the Inquire and Investigate series. Alongside playful comic strip entries from Casteel, Cummings looks at migratory patterns that include early Homo sapiens leaving Africa, scientific debate over how humans traveled from Asia to Australia, and the colonization of the New World. Throughout, Cummings notes how archaeological finds shed light on people's patterns of movement and highlights the motivations behind migration, whether forced or voluntary. Sidebars, reader-directed questions, and activity ideas offer additional ways for readers to consider how recent instances of migration from countries like Syria compare to those from centuries past. A timely and useful resource." Read the entire review online.

School Library Connection
At first glance, the contents of the book present themselves on an elementary level; however, the topics covered and some of the features offered might make more sense to older students. Three of the special features of the book are primary source extensions that encourage students to use their smartphones or tablets to explore resources further, vocabulary labs that help the students learn new words related to the topic, and Inquire & Investigate labs that are hands-on activities students may do to really dig deeper. All of the words in the vocabulary labs are defined in a glossary in the back of the book. The book starts with a timeline, and ensuing chapters follow in chronological order. Index. Recommended"

National Science Teachers Association Recommends
"Human Migration: Investigate the Global Journey of Humankind by Judy Dodge Cummings is a fascinating book to read for the reader of any age! Geared towards readers of ages 12-15, the book retraces the steps taken by our ancient ancestors starting in Africa... I highly recommend this well-written book. It covers topics in all of the sciences, from anthropology, to environmental science to biology as well as history and geography. This would be an excellent resource book for the middle school teacher." Read the entire review online.

Booklist Online
"How did our ancestors migrate from one place to another and what motivated them to do so thousands of years ago? Why do people continue to migrate across the globe today? This entry in the Inquiry and Investigation series attempts to answer these complex questions. Cummings explores the reasons for human migration, including political conflict, racial and ethnic discrimination, and environmental disasters, while touching on today's immigration issues and the future of human migration. Readers will discover that emerging evidence continually disproves previously accepted theories of how mankind migrated. Each chapter includes activities and key questions for readers to solve, and a "Vocab Lab" of words encourages them to refer to the extensive glossary. The time table at the beginning of text is helpful, as is the book's most fun feature, QR codes that link videos to the text. This is a good overview of the topic for middle-grade social studies classrooms."

Dr. Miguel G. Vilar, Science Manager, The Genographic Project, National Geographic Society
". . . a thoroughly researched and well-written book. It covers numerous exciting and up-to-date topics in anthropology, biology, geography, environmental science, and history in an entertaining and educational framework. The subject of human migration works well in bringing these disciplines together."

James E. Lassiter, Ph.D., Director and Ethnographer, Migration Anthropology Consultants
"This book is a valuable introduction to the study of humankind and human migration. It is an excellent primer for preparing high school students for life in society and for those who anticipate enrolling in introductory university courses in history, the natural and social sciences, and all other disciplines, for that matter."


Detailed Book Description

Human Migration: Investigate the Global Journey of Humankind retraces the paths of our ancestors, from our common roots in Africa to the complexity of today's immigration practices, and invites readers ages 12 to 15 to explore questions about political conflict, environmental challenges, and the future of human migration.

  • Readers engage in problem solving in many different disciplines, including math, archaeology, anthropology, engineering, and genetics.
  • This text is interdisciplinary in nature and provides links to the art, culture, economics, technology, and history connected with the time periods.
Available In:
Hardcover, $22.95
Paperback, $17.95
Includes: Table of Contents | Timeline | Charts | Maps | Glossary | Resources | Index
Specs: 8 x 10 size | 4-color interior | 128 pages
Subject: Social Studies
Content Focus: World History



What Is Human Migration?

Chapter 1
Stones, Bones, and DNA

Chapter 2
Out of Africa

Chapter 3
Asia to Australia

Chapter 4
Out of the Old World and Into the New

Chapter 5
Expansion and Colonization

Chapter 6
Oppression and Freedom

Chapter 7
The Future of Human Migration