Does Racial Inequality Exist in Your School?

Does Racial Inequality Exist in Your School?

It can sometimes be hard to recognize racial inequality when it doesn’t directly affect you. Take a look at the statistics relating to your own school and see if anything surprised you.
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A Monumental History

A Monumental History

From Reconstruction

Monuments designed to honor places, events, or people stand in public places across the United States. Some, such as the Lincoln Memorial and the Statue of Liberty, are classic icons. Others, such as the 2,000-pound African Killer Bee located in Hidalgo, Texas, are less than traditional. Monuments are often controversial. What is honorable to one person may be offensive to another. Also, the meanings of monuments change as the culture around them evolves. What do...



From Singing for Equality

Music of the Civil Rights Era arose from several different styles of music, most notably gospel, folk, blues, and jazz. What did these different styles offer? How did they combine to form music that was completely new?

Planning a Boycott

Planning a Boycott

From Boycotts, Strikes, and Marches

Segregated buses and trains were only one of the ways whites discriminated against African Americans in the Jim Crow South. A boycott is the act of refusing to buy, use, or participate in something as a form of protest. Why didn’t the African American community use boycotts more often in their fight against segregation?

Civil Rights Issues Today

Civil Rights Issues Today

From Sitting In, Standing Up

For as long as there has been a United States, there have been debates about civil rights. What civil rights issues are people concerned about today? Let’s find out!



School Library Journal
"A solid introduction to the politics of the civil rights movement. In five chapters, readers gain a concise but clear understanding of the history of Jim Crow in the South; Emmett Till’s murder in Mississippi, which sparked the movement; the 1957 Brown v. Board of Education decision and the desegregration of schools; the Civil Rights Act of 1964; the Voting Rights Act of 1965; the Fair Housing Act of 1968; and the Black Power movement and a very brief mention of the current #BlackLivesMatter movement. Cummings provides an unbiased examination of the four presidential administrations, outlining their strengths and weaknesses in guiding the country through this period. The format is useful for reluctant readers, with a detailed glossary, a straightforward narrative, and numerous sidebars listing fast facts. For those looking for further information, there are several side project ideas and a lengthy bibliography.”

Praise for other titles by Judy Dodge Cummings:

The Underground Railroad Navigate the Journey from Slavery to Freedom
Lower Columbia Review Group (LCRG) STARRED REVIEW
". . .Though the subject matter is very specific, The Underground Railroad: Navigate the Journey from Slavery to Freedom is an excellent text to have."

School Library Connections
". . . This book is an excellent resource for helping students understand the troubling times prior to the Civil War and could serve as a resource for an entire unit of study. Highly Recommended."

Human Migration: Investigate the Global Journey of Humankind
". . . a fascinating book to read for the reader of any age! Geared towards readers of ages 12–15, the book retraces the steps taken by our ancient ancestors starting in Africa. . . I highly recommend this well–written book. It covers topics in all of the sciences, from anthropology, to environmental science to biology as well as history and geography. This would be an excellent resource book for the middle school teacher. "

Booklist Online
"How did our ancestors migrate from one place to another and what motivated them to do so thousands of years ago? Why do people continue to migrate across the globe today? This entry in the Inquiry and Investigation series attempts to answer these complex questions. . .This is a good overview of the topic for middle-grade social studies classrooms."

Detailed Book Description

In Changing Laws: Politics of the Civil Rights Era, middle graders explore the key legislative and judicial victories of the era that spanned from 1954 to the early 1970s, including Brown v. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, all of which couldn’t have happened without the increased activism of the times. Kids explore how marches, demonstrations, boycotts, and lawsuits prodded local and state governments to reveal the bigotry of their laws and the brutality of their oppression of black citizens.

Hands-on projects about social justice issues alongside essential questions, links to online resources, and text-to-world connections promote a profound understanding of history and offer opportunities for social-emotional learning.

Try these critical and creative thinking projects!

  • Create a graphic to illustrate the path to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Invent a game that illustrates the economics of the racial wealth gap
  • Map your school by today’s degree of segregation and educational inequality
  • Research voting rights in your state
Available In:
Paperback, $15.95
Hardcover, $22.95
Includes: Table of Contents | Timeline | Glossary | Resources | Index
Specs: 8 x 10 size | 4-color interior | 112 pages
Subject: Social Studies
Content Focus: U.S. History


The Political Path

Chapter One
Separate is Not Equal
The Politics of School Desegregation

Chapter Two
Now is the Time
The Politics of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

Chapter Three
We Shall Overcome
The Politics of the 1965 Voting Rights Act

Chapter Four
Opening the Gates of Opportunity
The Politics of the Fair Housing Act of 1968

Chapter Five
Black Power and White Backlash
The Politics of Resentment

Selected Bibliography